St Andrew's Church of England Primary School An intelligent heart acquires knowledge and the ear of the wise seeks knowledge. Proverbs 18:15

Phonic resources

What is phonic?

Phonic vocabulary:


Phoneme - smallest unit of sound such as, a

Grapheme - written form of a sound. 

Diagraph - two letters that make one sound such as, ar

Trigraph - three letters that make one sound such as igh

Split diagraph - two letter that make one sound but aren't next to each other such as, a-e in cake. 

Sounding out - saying each sound in a word such as c-a-t-

Blending - putting each sound ina  word together to say the word such as, c-a-t = cat 

Sound button -  We place a dot (sound button) under each sound to help sound out and then blend together to read the word. 

Letter name - is what we call a letter not the sound it makes we explain to the children we call L, L and it makes a l sound. Just like a tiger we call it a tiger but it makes a roar sound. 

Pure sound - saying each sound without the added extra uh sound such as, m not muh  

Capital letters - Capital letters are for the start of a sentence, name, place and personal pronoun I (proper nouns).  



Throughout school we use this vocabulary with the children as well as upper and lowercase letters not big and small letters. 



How we teach phonic at Stanley St. Andrew's:


We follow Active Learns' scheme of work  which is split into units:

Phase 2

  1. S,A,T,P
  2. I,N,M,D
  3. G,O,C,K
  4. CK,E,U,R
  5. H,B,F,FF,L,LL,SS

Phase 3

      6. J,V,W,X

      7. Y,Z,ZZ,QU

      8. CH,SH,TH,NG

      9. AI,EE, IGH, OA, OO,OO

     10. AR, OR,UR, OW, OI

     11. EAR,AIR,URE, ER

Phase 4 - Year One 

      12. Adjacent consonants 


Phase 5 - Year One

      13. Split diagraphs introduced 



However, we do use a range of other schemes to enhance the teaching of phonic just as Letters and Sounds and Jolly Phonic. 






Phonic games and activities:

Keep our children safe online:


Here at Stanley St. Andrew's we teach our children that to stay safe online by:

1) always being with an adult whilst online

2) If there is something they don't like they Stop, Get off and Tell and adult. 

3) Usernames and passwords are private. 


We advise all parents and carers to carefully monitor what your child is doing online by having parental controls on all device your child has access to, having devices in communal areas not in bedrooms and ensure content is age appropriate.